The major fault with so-called I.Q. or Intelligence
Quotient tests, is that they confuse logic with overall intelligence, when logic is only
one form of thinking skill. Some tests also confuse linguistic ability with overall
I.Q tests imply that intelligence is fixed - IT IS NOT.
Better still - we each have access to different "intelligences" or intelligence
traits*. Everyone has an individual learning style.1 No learning style is better or worse than any other
|WHICH LEARNING SYLES DO
Commonly Found In: Novelists, poets, copywriters, scriptwriters, orators,
political leaders, editors, publicists, journalists and speech writers.
Example of famous person: Winston Churchill, British journalist turned
orator, political leader and writer.
Commonly Found In: Mathematicians, scientists, engineers, animal
trackers, police investigators, lawyers and accountants.
Example of famous person: Marian Diamond, Professor of Neuroanatomy at
the University of California at Berkeley.
Commonly Found In: Architects, painters, sculptors, navigators, chess
players, naturalists, theoretical physicists, battlefield strategists.
Example of famous person: Pablo Picasso, painter
*As mentioned in The Learning Revolution, the co-authors consider that visual and spatial
traits do not always coincide. Some highly visual people may have difficulty, for
instance, in following directions from maps, even though the maps may be visually
Commonly Found In: Performers, composers, conductors, musical audiences,
recording engineers, makers of musical instruments, piano-tuners, cultures without
traditional written language.
Example of famous person: Mozart
Commonly Found In: Dancers, actors, athletes and sporting achievers,
inventors, mime artists, surgeons, karate teachers, racing car drivers, outdoor workers
and the mechanically gifted.
Example of famous person: Jayne Torvill and Christopher Dean,
or "social" intelligence
Commonly Found In: Politicians, teachers, religious leaders, counsellors,
sales people, managers, public relations and "people people".
Example of famous person: Oprah Winfrey, talk-show host.
or intuitive* intelligence
Commonly Found In: Novelists, counsellors, wise elders, philosophers,
gurus, persons with a deep sense of self, mystics.
Example of famous person: Plato, philosopher.
*The core capacity of "intrapersonal" intelligence is the ability to assess
one's inner self. Some feel intuition is a separate intelligence trait: a seemingly innate
ability to know about others or events.
|Note: The intelligences listed
above have been based on and adapted from the original research of Howard Gardner, David
Thornburg, Thomas Armstrong, David Lazier, Linda Campbell, Bruce Campbell, Dee Dickinson,
and Jeannette Vos.
|1, 2 - Quotations from research by Professors Ken and Rita Dunn