Which Learning Styles Do You Use?

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Personal Learning Styles
   The major fault with so-called I.Q. or Intelligence Quotient tests, is that they confuse logic with overall intelligence, when logic is only one form of thinking skill. Some tests also confuse linguistic ability with overall ability.
   I.Q tests imply that intelligence is fixed - IT IS NOT. Better still - we each have access to different "intelligences" or intelligence traits*. Everyone has an individual learning style.
1 No learning style is better or worse than any other style.2
1. Linguistic intelligence
Commonly Found In: Novelists, poets, copywriters, scriptwriters, orators, political leaders, editors, publicists, journalists and speech writers.
Example of famous person: Winston Churchill, British journalist turned orator, political leader and writer.
2. Logical-mathematical intelligence
Commonly Found In: Mathematicians, scientists, engineers, animal trackers, police investigators, lawyers and accountants.
Example of famous person: Marian Diamond, Professor of Neuroanatomy at the University of California at Berkeley.
3. Visual-spatial intelligence*
Commonly Found In: Architects, painters, sculptors, navigators, chess players, naturalists, theoretical physicists, battlefield strategists.
Example of famous person: Pablo Picasso, painter
*As mentioned in The Learning Revolution, the co-authors consider that visual and spatial traits do not always coincide. Some highly visual people may have difficulty, for instance, in following directions from maps, even though the maps may be visually accurate.
4. Musical Intelligence
Commonly Found In: Performers, composers, conductors, musical audiences, recording engineers, makers of musical instruments, piano-tuners, cultures without traditional written language.
Example of famous person: Mozart
5. Bodily-kinesthetic intelligence
Commonly Found In: Dancers, actors, athletes and sporting achievers, inventors, mime artists, surgeons, karate teachers, racing car drivers, outdoor workers and the mechanically gifted.
Example of famous person: Jayne Torvill and Christopher Dean, ice-skaters.
6. Interpersonal or "social" intelligence
Commonly Found In: Politicians, teachers, religious leaders, counsellors, sales people, managers, public relations and "people people".
Example of famous person: Oprah Winfrey, talk-show host.
7. Intrapersonal or intuitive* intelligence
Commonly Found In: Novelists, counsellors, wise elders, philosophers, gurus, persons with a deep sense of self, mystics.
Example of famous person: Plato, philosopher.
*The core capacity of "intrapersonal" intelligence is the ability to assess one's inner self. Some feel intuition is a separate intelligence trait: a seemingly innate ability to know about others or events.
Note: The intelligences listed above have been based on and adapted from the original research of Howard Gardner, David Thornburg, Thomas Armstrong, David Lazier, Linda Campbell, Bruce Campbell, Dee Dickinson, and Jeannette Vos.
1, 2 - Quotations from research by Professors Ken and Rita Dunn

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